Integrated agriculture is a production system with low environmental impact, since it involves the coordinated rational use of all production factors in order to reduce to a minimum the need for technical means that impact the environment or consumers' health.
Farmers who choose this method keep a "Quaderno di Campagna" electronic notebook, contribute to sustainability and use all agronomic methods against adversity to keep the use of phytosanitary products and fertilizers to a minimum, but also water and energy.
If we consider at the same time, the need for economic/environmental sustainability, and the safeguarding of consumers' health, integrated production is the most highly developed method to create sustainable agriculture given that:
- it optimizes the use of resources and available technical means to achieve a production quantity to satisfy national demand;
- it produces healthy, safe food, conserving and protecting environmental resources;
- it complies with applicable regulations - both domestic and European;
- it transcends the concepts of biological pest control of organic agriculture and animal breeding, since they are still not sufficient to meet the requirements of agriculture for the market;
- it is made following the guidelines set down by the specifications and measuring the progress made using farms' self-diagnosis systems.
Therefore, the aim of integrated production is to obtain quality products that respect the environment and people's health. Along with organic farming, it is a sustainable production method, and it stands out because it educates farmers to use state-of-the-art methods to prevent plant disease and to implement fertilisation plans that optimize the quantities of phytosanitary products and fertilizers, always bearing in mind the weather conditions and the moments when protection products are most efficient, or the periods when fertilizers are most useful and are less likely to be washed away into the environment.
To optimize production in general and, in particular, to avoid phytosanitary problems, as well as to cut down on fertilizers and other inputs, all the remaining complementary agronomic techniques are used (rotation, plant spacing, sowing times, tillage, etc.).
After reaping , the wheat to be used for Petra® rests in special silos never used for conventionally grown wheat, in a temperature-controlled environment that, as much as possible, uses cold instead of insecticides. From there, the lots to be stone milled arrive at the mill bearing an “ID card” as well as traceability data that guarantee their provenance. A short supply chain that helps the environment and the consumer, and that, thanks to Molino Quaglia's up-to-date technology, brings to the table the flavour and nutritional richness of Italian wheat.